Slit-mediated repulsion is a key regulator of motor axon pathfinding in the hindbrain

Hammond, Rachel, Vivancos, Valerie, Naeem, Arifa, Chilton, John, Mambetisaeva, Elvira, Andrews, William, Sundaresan, Vasi and Guthrie, Sarah (2005) Slit-mediated repulsion is a key regulator of motor axon pathfinding in the hindbrain. Development, 132 (20). pp. 4483-4495. ISSN 0950-1991

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Abstract

The floor plate is known to be a source of repellent signals for cranial motor axons, preventing them from crossing the midline of the hindbrain. However, it is unknown which molecules mediate this effect in vivo. We show that Slit and Robo proteins are candidate motor axon guidance molecules, as Robo proteins are expressed by cranial motoneurons, and Slit proteins are expressed by the tissues that delimit motor axon trajectories, i.e. the floor plate and the rhombic lip. We present in vitro evidence showing that Slit1 and Slit2 proteins are selective inhibitors and repellents for dorsally projecting, but not for ventrally projecting, cranial motor axons. Analysis of mice deficient in Slit and Robo function shows that cranial motor axons aberrantly enter the midline, while ectopic expression of Slit1 in chick embryos leads to specific motor axon projection errors. Expression of dominant-negative Robo receptors within cranial motoneurons in chick embryos strikingly perturbs their projections, causing some motor axons to enter the midline, and preventing dorsally projecting motor axons from exiting the hindbrain. These data suggest that Slit proteins play a key role in guiding dorsally projecting cranial motoneurons and in facilitating their neural tube exit.

Slit-mediated repulsion is a key regulator of motor axon pathfinding in the hindbrain (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/7599669_Slit-mediated_repulsion_is_a_key_regulator_of_motor_axon_pathfinding_in_the_hindbrain [accessed Jul 11, 2017].

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Neuroscience
Depositing User: Stephanie McGuire
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2017 13:02
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 13:32
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/69173

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