Ultra rapid direct heating synthesis of ZnO nanorods with improved light trapping from stacked photoanodes for high efficiency photocatalytic water splitting

Lee, Wei Cheat, Fang, Yuanxing, Holt, Daniel, Qian, Rong, Al-Abdullah, Zainab Taha Yassin and Chen, Qiao (2017) Ultra rapid direct heating synthesis of ZnO nanorods with improved light trapping from stacked photoanodes for high efficiency photocatalytic water splitting. Nanotechnology. ISSN 0957-4484 (Accepted)

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Abstract

An ultra rapid growth method for vertically aligned ZnO nanorod (NR) thin films on metal meshes is developed using a direct heating synthesis (DHS) technique. A typical nanorod growth rate of 10 µm/hr was achieved. The effects of the applied heating powers and growth durations on the morphologies of ZnO nanostructures were examined. High density surface defects were formed on the ZnO NRs, which is responsible for slow charge recombination and high efficiency in the photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting process. The light absorption for a photoanode was significantly improved by light trapping using a 3D stacked metal mesh photoanode structure. With the internal reflection between the stacked photoanodes, the final light leakage is minimised. The light absorption in the stacked photoanode is improved without restricting the charge transportation. In comparison with a single mesh photoanode and a chemical bath deposition (CBD) grown flat photoanode, the PEC water splitting efficiency from the stacked photoanode was increased by a factor of 2.6 and 6.1 respectively.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD0450 Physical and theoretical chemistry > QD0701 Photochemistry
Depositing User: Qiao Chen
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2017 12:45
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2017 12:49
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/69161

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