Age-dependent changes in autophosphorylation of alpha calcium/calmodulin dependent kinase II in hippocampus and amygdala after contextual fear conditioning

Fang, Ton, Kasbi, Kamillia, Rothe, Stephanie, Aziz, Wajeeha and Giese, K. Peter (2017) Age-dependent changes in autophosphorylation of alpha calcium/calmodulin dependent kinase II in hippocampus and amygdala after contextual fear conditioning. Brain Research Bulletin. ISSN 0361-9230

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Abstract

The hippocampus and amygdala are essential brain regions responsible for contextual fear conditioning (CFC). The autophosphorylation of alpha calciumcalmodulin kinase II (αCaMKII) at threonine-286 (T286) is a critical step 3 implicated in long-term potentiation (LTP), learning and memory. However, the changes in αCaMKII levels with aging and training in associated brain regions are not fully understood. Here, we studied how aging and training affect the levels of phosphorylated (T286) and proportion of phosphorylated:total αCaMKII in the hippocampus and amygdala. Young and aged mice, naïve (untrained) and trained in CFC, were analysed by immunohistochemistry for the levels of total and phosphorylated αCaMKII in the hippocampus and amygdala. We found that two hours after CFC training, young mice exhibited a higher level of phosphorylated and increased ratio of phosphorylated:total αCaMKII in hippocampal CA3 stratum radiatum. Furthermore, aged untrained mice showed a higher ratio of phosphorylated:total αCaMKII in the CA3 region of the hippocampus when compared to the young untrained group. No effect of training or aging were seen in the central, lateral and basolateral amygdala regions, for both phosphorylated and ratio of phosphorylated:total αCaMKII. These results show that aging impairs the training-induced upregulation of autophosphorylated (T286) αCaMKII in the CA3 stratum radiatum of the hippocampus. This indicates that distinct age-related mechanisms underlie CFC that may rely more heavily on NMDA receptor-dependent plasticity in young age.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: DR.WAJEEHA AZIZ is co-corresponding author from University of Sussex.
Keywords: Long-term Potentiation, CaMKII, Amygdala, Hippocampus, Contextual Fear Conditioning, Immunohistochemistry
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Depositing User: Wajeeha Aziz
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 14:44
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 14:52
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/69042

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