The dragon awakens: innovation, competition, and transition in the energy strategy of the People’s Republic of China, 1949 to 2017

Zhang, Long, Sovacool, Benjamin, Ren, Jingzheng and Ely, Adrian (2017) The dragon awakens: innovation, competition, and transition in the energy strategy of the People’s Republic of China, 1949 to 2017. Energy Policy, 108. pp. 634-644. ISSN 0301-4215

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Abstract

Based on a mix of original archival research and an extensive review of the contemporary peer reviewed literature, this article reviews the history of the People’s Republic of China’s national energy policies since 1949. We divide this history into six phases: Emergence (1949–1957), Socialist construction (1958–1965), Turbulence (1966–1978), Reform (1979–2000), Contestation (2001–2014), and transition (2015-present). Over the whole history of more than sixty years, China’s energy production and consumption grew at a surprising speed, while energy intensity exhibited early fluctuations and a subsequent gradual decrease after the turbulence phase. In tracing this history, the article offers new historical and policy insights into the world’s largest developing country and a theoretical contribution to the role of the state in shaping economy and society through energy policy. The article lastly offers an in-depth exploration of how command-and-control style administrative intervention and low levels of market liquidity have had a prophylactic effect on innovation and competition.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Nora Blascsok
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2017 08:33
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 11:51
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/68917

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