How do scientists define openness? Exploring the relationship between open science policies and research practice

Levin, Nadine, Leonelli, Sabina, Weckowska, Dagmara, Castle, David and Dupré, John (2016) How do scientists define openness? Exploring the relationship between open science policies and research practice. Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society, 36 (2). pp. 128-141. ISSN 0270-4676

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Abstract

This article documents how biomedical researchers in the United Kingdom understand and enact the idea of “openness.” This is of particular interest to researchers and science policy worldwide in view of the recent adoption of pioneering policies on Open Science and Open Access by the U.K. government—policies whose impact on and implications for research practice are in need of urgent evaluation, so as to decide on their eventual implementation elsewhere. This study is based on 22 in-depth interviews with U.K. researchers in systems biology, synthetic biology, and bioinformatics, which were conducted between September 2013 and February 2014. Through an analysis of the interview transcripts, we identify seven core themes that characterize researchers’ understanding of openness in science and nine factors that shape the practice of openness in research. Our findings highlight the implications that Open Science policies can have for research processes and outcomes and provide recommendations for enhancing their content, effectiveness, and implementation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: open science, open access, life sciences, research practice, science policy, open data, research infrastructure
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Business and Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: Dagmara Weckowska
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2017 13:03
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2017 13:10
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/68824

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