Theoretical considerations in cross-national employment research

O'Reilly, Jacqueline (1996) Theoretical considerations in cross-national employment research. Discussion Paper. Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung, Berlin, Germany.

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Abstract

This article critically reviews a range of theoretical approaches to cross-national employment research. It classifies these studies in terms of universal and culturalist perspectives. Universalists tend to ignore the concept of culture, or at best acknowledge it as a marginal phenomenon or additional variable. Culturalists, on the other hand, have sought to integrate the concept of culture into their analysis at a socio-economic and institutional level as well as at the psychological level of the individual. The emphasis on similarities between countries tends to lead to a universalist approach, whilst the emphasis on difference is often supported by a more culturalist perspective. This review highlights that the shortcomings of these approaches in terms of accounting for change and the co-existence of similarity and diversity. Further more, these studies, for the most part, are blind to the affects and effects of gender on industrial organisation and employment practices.

Item Type: Reports and working papers (Discussion Paper)
Additional Information: WZB Discussion Paper FS I 96-203. ISSN: 1011-9523
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Business and Management
Depositing User: Stacey Goldup
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2017 10:29
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2017 10:29
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/68712
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