The environment and Hɪ content of galaxies

Martindale, Hazel Rhian (2017) The environment and Hɪ content of galaxies. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

In this thesis we use both observations and modelling to explore the gas content of galaxies.
We use the L-Galaxies semi-analytic model to simultaneously match the Hɪ and stellar mass properties of model galaxies to observations using Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. We add the observed Hɪ mass function as an extra model constraint and successfully match the Hɪ and stellar mass functions. However, the fit to the star formation properties has been weakened compared to without the Hɪ constraint. We suggest that this problem may be partially resolved by forming stars out of only H2 gas instead of the total cold gas.
The environment in which a galaxy resides can affect its evolution. We use the counts in a fixed size cylinder method to estimate 3 environment measures for the GAMA survey. We use density and edge corrections to allow us to calculate estimates for every galaxy out to z = 0.4 in our flux limited sample. We then use these estimates to examine the effect of environment on the luminosity and stellar mass functions.
Using Hɪ observations of the groups and galaxies in the ALFALFA and GAMA surveys we calculate Hɪ masses using the stacking technique. The use of the stacking technique has allowed us to exploit survey data that would not otherwise be possible. We stack galaxies in halo mass bins and calculate the Hɪ to halo mass fraction as a function of halo mass. We see a steady decline in the Hɪ fraction as we move to higher mass halos. These are the highest density environments where there is less cold gas. Combining this fraction with the halo mass function we are able to calculate a lower limit value for ΩHɪ of 1.8 ± 0.39 x 10-4h-¹.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB0495 Descriptive astronomy > QB0856 Galaxies
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 23 May 2017 09:25
Last Modified: 23 May 2017 09:25
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/68196

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