Evaluations of the effect of sodium metabisulfite on the stability and dissolution rates of various model drugs from the extended release polyethylene oxide matrices

Saeed, Shojaee, Nokhodchi, Ali and Maniruzzaman, Mohammed (2017) Evaluations of the effect of sodium metabisulfite on the stability and dissolution rates of various model drugs from the extended release polyethylene oxide matrices. Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation, 12 (3). pp. 260-270. ISSN 1939-8042

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Abstract

Purpose: This study examines the effect of sodium metabisulfite (SMB) as an antioxidant on the stability and release of various model drugs namely propranolol HCl, theophylline and zonisamide from the polyethylene oxide (PEO) tablets. The antioxidant was used to minimise degradation and instability of the manufactured tablets when stored at 40°C (55±5 % RH) over 8 weeks.

Method: Multiple batches of tablets weighing 240 mg (50% w/w) with a ratio of 1:1 drug: polymer and 1% (w/w) sodium metabisulfite containing different model drugs and various molecular weights of PEO 750 and 303 were produced.

Results: The results indicated that the use of sodium metabisulfite marginally assisted in reducing drug release and degradation via oxidation in propranolol HCl tablets containing both PEO 750 and 303. In the case of poorly and semi-soluble drugs (zonisamide and theophylline) the formulations with both PEO showed entirely superimposable phenomenon and different release profiles compared to control samples (matrices without SMB). DSC study demonstrated the modifications of the polymer due to degradation and observed the effect of SMB on the thermal degradation of the PEO matrices.

Conclusion: The use of antioxidant has assisted in retaining the stability of the manufactured tablets with different model drugs especially those with the highly soluble drug that are susceptible to rapid degradation. This has been reflected by an extended release profile of various drugs used at various stages of the storage time up to 8 weeks.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: sodium metabisulfite (SMB), antioxidant, dissolution rates, PEO, molecular weight, matrix tablets
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Depositing User: Mohammed Maniruzzaman
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2017 13:30
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2017 11:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/67443

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