XRCC1 mutation is associated with PARP1 hyperactivation and cerebellar ataxia

Hoch, Nicolas C, Hanzlikova, Hana, Rulten, Stuart L, Tétreault, Martine, Komulainen, Emilia, Ju, Limei, Hornyak, Peter, Zeng, Zhihong, Gittens, William, Rey, Stephanie A, Staras, Kevin, Mancini, Grazia M S, McKinnon, Peter J, Wang, Zhao-Qi, Wagner, Justin, Yoon, Grace and Caldecott, Keith W (2016) XRCC1 mutation is associated with PARP1 hyperactivation and cerebellar ataxia. Nature, 541 (7635). pp. 87-91. ISSN 0028-0836

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Abstract

XRCC1 is a molecular scaffold protein that assembles multi-protein complexes involved in DNA single-strand break repair. Here we show that biallelic mutations in the human XRCC1 gene are associated with ocular motor apraxia, axonal neuropathy, and progressive cerebellar ataxia. Cells from a patient with mutations in XRCC1 exhibited not only reduced rates of single-strand break repair but also elevated levels of protein ADP-ribosylation. This latter phenotype is recapitulated in a related syndrome caused by mutations in the XRCC1 partner protein PNKP and implicates hyperactivation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase/s as a cause of cerebellar ataxia. Indeed, remarkably, genetic deletion of Parp1 rescued normal cerebellar ADP-ribose levels and reduced the loss of cerebellar neurons and ataxia in Xrcc1-defective mice, identifying a molecular mechanism by which endogenous single-strand breaks trigger neuropathology. Collectively, these data establish the importance of XRCC1 protein complexes for normal neurological function and identify PARP1 as a therapeutic target in DNA strand break repair-defective disease.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Research Centres and Groups: Genome Damage and Stability Centre
Subjects: Q Science
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: Keith Caldecott
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2017 10:25
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2017 16:06
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/66490

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