The effects of cochlear hearing loss, age and sex on the auditory brainstem response

Watson, David Robert (1996) The effects of cochlear hearing loss, age and sex on the auditory brainstem response. International Journal of Audiology, 35 (5). pp. 246-258. ISSN 1499-2027

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Abstract

This study analyzed the effects of auditory impairment, age and sex on the auditory brainstem response (ABR) wave latencies. ABR wave I, wave V and I-V interval measures were extracted from the clinical records of 201 patients with cochlear hearing loss. Females had consistently earlier wave V latencies and shorter I-V intervals than males. No age effects were observed. Degree of impairment had a systematic effect on ABR wave latencies and I-V intervals. Wave I displayed latency extension with increasing levels of high-frequency hearing loss, whilst for wave V increases in latency were dependent upon both degree and slope of the hearing loss. Present results suggest that many of the previously reported sex differences and variable interactions seen for the ABR can be accounted for by differences in the underlying distribution of audiogram shapes within and between study populations. Different audiometric configurations were found to produce consistent differential effects on both wave I and wave V latency and thus influence the I-V interval. This study underlines the need to develop a more detailed model of impairment effects if correction factors are to be employed more effectively in ABR testing for retrocochlear pathology.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Neuroscience
Research Centres and Groups: Sussex Neuroscience
Depositing User: David Watson
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2017 09:21
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2017 17:41
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/66380
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