Kinematic analysis of sea cliff stability using UAV photogrammetry

Barlow, John, Gilham, Jamie Mark and Ibarra Cofrã, Ignacio (2017) Kinematic analysis of sea cliff stability using UAV photogrammetry. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 38 (8-10). pp. 2464-2479. ISSN 0143-1161

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Abstract

Erosion and slope instability poses a significant hazard to communities and infrastructure located is coastal areas. We use point cloud and spectral data derived from close range digital photogrammetry to perform a kinematic analysis of chalk sea cliffs located at Telscombe, UK. Our data were captured from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and cover a cliff face that is about 750 m long and ranges from 20 to 49 m in height. The resulting point clouds had an average density of 354 points m-2. The models fitted our ground control network within a standard error of 0.03 m. Structural features such as joints, bedding planes, and faults were manually mapped and are consistent with results from other studies that have been conducted using direct measurement in the field. These data were then used to assess differing modes of failure at the site. Our results indicate that wedge failure is by far the most likely mode of slope instability. A large wedge failure occurred at the site during the period of study supporting our analysis. Volumetric analysis of this failure through a comparison of sequential models indicates a failure volume of about 160 m3. Our results show that data capture through UAV photogrammetry can provide a useful basis for slope stability analysis over long sections of coast. This technology offers significant benefits in equipment costs and field time over existing methods.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: UAV, photogrammetry, landslide, sea cliffs
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > Geography
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography > GB0400 Geomorphology. Landforms. Terrain > GB0448 Slopes
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography > GB0400 Geomorphology. Landforms. Terrain > GB0450 Coasts
Depositing User: John Barlow
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2017 11:48
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 06:16
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/66174

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