Planck 2015 results. XX. Constraints on inflation

Lewis, A, Munshi, D, Ade, P A R, Aghanim, N, Arroja, F, Ashdown, M, Aumont, J, Baccigalupi, C, Ballardini, M and The Planck Collaboration, (2016) Planck 2015 results. XX. Constraints on inflation. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 594. A20. ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

We present the implications for cosmic inflation of the Planck measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies in both temperature and polarization based on the full Planck survey. The Planck full mission temperature data and a first release of polarization data on large angular scales measure the spectral index of curvature perturbations to be n s = 0.968 ± 0.006 and tightly constrain its scale dependence to dn s /dlnk = −0.003 ± 0.007 when combined with the Planck lensing likelihood. When the high-ℓ polarization data is included, the results are consistent and uncertainties are reduced. The upper bound on the tensor-to-scalar ratio is r 0.002 <0.11 (95% CL), consistent with the B-mode polarization constraint r<0.12 (95% CL) obtained from a joint BICEP2/Keck Array and Planck analysis. These results imply that V(ϕ)∝ϕ 2 and natural inflation are now disfavoured compared to models predicting a smaller tensor-to-scalar ratio, such as R 2 inflation. Three independent methods reconstructing the primordial power spectrum are investigated. The Planck data are consistent with adiabatic primordial perturbations. We investigate inflationary models producing an anisotropic modulation of the primordial curvature power spectrum as well as generalized models of inflation not governed by a scalar field with a canonical kinetic term. The 2015 results are consistent with the 2013 analysis based on the nominal mission data.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Research Centres and Groups: Astronomy Centre
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Depositing User: Richard Chambers
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2017 10:53
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 16:05
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/66155

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Precision cosmological parameters : CosmoParsG1365EUROPEAN UNION616170 ERC-2013-CoG
Astrophysics and Cosmology - Sussex Consolidated GrantG1291STFC-SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FACILITIES COUNCILST/L000652/1