Disappearing in the night: an overview on trade and legislation of night monkeys in South and Central America

Svensson, M S, Shanee, S, Shanee, , Bannister, F B, Cervera, L, Donati, G, Huck, M, Jerusalinsky, L, Juarez, C P, Maldonado, A M, Martinez Mollinedo, J, Méndez-Carvajal, P G, Molina Argandoña, M A, Mollo Vino, A D, Nekaris, K A I, Peck, M, Rey-Goyeneche, J, Spaan, D and Nijman, V (2017) Disappearing in the night: an overview on trade and legislation of night monkeys in South and Central America. Folia Primatologica, 87 (5). pp. 332-348. ISSN 0015-5713

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Abstract

The international trade in night monkeys (Aotus spp.), found throughout Central and South America, has been regulated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) since 1975. We present a quantitative analysis of this trade from all 9 range countries, over 4 decades, and compare domestic legislation to CITES regulations. Night monkeys were exported from 8 of the 9 habitat countries, totalling 5,968 live individuals and 7,098 specimens, with trade of live individuals declining over time. In terms of species, the most commonly traded was Aotus nancymaae (present in Brazil, Colombia, Peru) followed by A. vociferans (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru) and A. zonalis (Colombia, Panama). There was no significant correlation between levels of trade and species' geographic range size or the number of countries in which a species occurs. Five countries have legislation that meets CITES requirements for implementation, whereas the other 4 countries' legislation showed deficiencies. Research conducted in Colombia, Peru, and Brazil suggests significant cross-border trade not captured in official international trade registers. Although international trade has diminished, current trends suggest that populations of rarer species may be under unsustainable pressure. Further research is needed to quantify real trade numbers occurring between habitat countries.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biology and Environmental Science
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH0001 Natural history (General) > QH0075 Nature conservation
Depositing User: Mika Peck
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2017 15:43
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 06:16
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/66059

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