The question-behaviour effect: a theoretical and methodological review and meta-analysis

Wilding, Sarah, Conner, Mark, Sandberg, Tracy, Prestwich, Andrew, Lawton, Rebecca, Wood, Chantelle, Miles, Eleanor, Godin, Gaston and Sheeran, Paschal (2016) The question-behaviour effect: a theoretical and methodological review and meta-analysis. European Review of Social Psychology, 27 (1). pp. 196-230. ISSN 1046-3283

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Abstract

Research has demonstrated that asking people questions about a behaviour can lead to behaviour change. Despite many, varied studies in different domains, it is only recently that this phenomenon has been studied under the umbrella term of the question-behaviour effect (QBE) and moderators of the effect have been investigated. With a particular focus on our own contributions, this article: (1) provides an overview of QBE research; (2) reviews and offers new evidence concerning three theoretical accounts of the QBE (behavioural simulation and processing fluency; attitude accessibility; cognitive dissonance); (3) reports a new meta-analysis of QBE studies (k = 66, reporting 94 tests) focusing on methodological moderators. The findings of this meta-analysis support a small significant effect of the QBE (g = 0.14, 95% CI = 0.11, 0.18, p < .001) with smaller effect sizes observed in more carefully controlled studies that exhibit less risk of bias and (4) also considers directions for future research on the QBE, especially studies that use designs with low risk of bias and consider desirable and undesirable behaviour separately.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Eleanor Miles
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2016 10:21
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 12:25
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/65410

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