Near real-time monitoring of buried oil pipeline right-of-way for third-party incursion

Olawale, Babatunde Olumide (2016) Near real-time monitoring of buried oil pipeline right-of-way for third-party incursion. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

Many security systems employing different methods have been proposed to protect buried oil pipelines transporting petroleum products from the well head via the refinery to: depots and other receiving stations. Currently there is a security gap in the monitoring of these buried pipelines in real time and in keeping them protected from third party interference. This thesis addresses the problem of monitoring these systems by developing an automated image analysis system with the aid of a low-cost multisensory Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for monitoring of buried pipeline right-of-way (ROW). The method used in this research is based on the identification of threat objects of interest from the video frame sequences of the pipeline right-of-way acquired by the UAV. This is achieved by training the system to recognise objects of interest using trained correlation filters. To determine the geographical location of detected objects, the Video frame sequences captured by the UAV platform were ortho-rectified to form ortho-images which were then mosaicked to form a seamless Digital Surface Model (DSM) covering the test area using a photogrammetry model. The DSM formed from the mosaicking of ortho-images is then emerged with a digital globe for geo-referencing of detected objects. Experiments were carried out on a test field located in United Kingdom and Nigeria, where video and telemetry data were collected, then processed using the techniques created in this research. The results demonstrated that the developed correlation filter was able to detect objects of interest despite the distortions that come with the object image, due to the fact that the expected distortion was compensated for using the training images. When compared with the 6 control points in the digital globe the accuracy of the two-dimension DSM gave a misalignment error of between 2 and 3 metres.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T0055.4 Industrial engineering. Management engineering > T0059.5 Automation
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2016 16:19
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2016 16:19
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/65408

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