What drives bank performance in transitions economies? The impact of reforms and regulations

Mamatzakis, Emmanuel and Psillaki, Maria (2017) What drives bank performance in transitions economies? The impact of reforms and regulations. Research in International Business and Finance, 39a. pp. 578-594. ISSN 0275-5319

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Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of financial regulations and structural reforms on the cost efficiency of the banking industries of 10 Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries for the period 2004 to 2009. Cost efficiency scores are estimated using stochastic frontier analysis, whilst panel regressions examine the impact of regulation and liberalisation on bank performance using the EBRD transitional reform indicator and the Fraser economic freedom index. By considering both indexes we are able to account for the effects of progress towards more sound banking practices as well as the impact of the credit market, labor market and business sector regulatory regimes on bank efficiency. Our empirical analysis shows that structural reforms on labor and business markets exert a positive impact on bank performance. In line with the public interest view, we find the effect of credit regulation banking on cost efficiency is positive. We also find that better capitalized banks are more cost efficient.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Regulation; EBRD transition indicators; Fraser economic freedom index; Bank performance; Central and Eastern European countries
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Business and Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Depositing User: Emmanuel Mamatzakis
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2016 11:14
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 07:40
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/64784

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