Does migration improve living standards of migrant-sending households? Evidence from rural Ethiopia

Abdelmoneim, Yousra and Litchfield, Julie (2016) Does migration improve living standards of migrant-sending households? Evidence from rural Ethiopia. Working Paper. Migrating out of Poverty, Brighton.

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Abstract

This paper aims to evaluate the impact of migration on household welfare, in particular the consumption expenditure in Ethiopia, using cross-sectional data collected from 1,200 rural households from four different regions in 2014. We estimate a counterfactual distribution of household consumption per capita, using a Heckman selection model to control and test for selection bias, to analyse to what extent households have gained from having a migrant. Our results suggest that on average, migration has a positive impact on the rural living standards but that gains are not distributed evenly across the consumption distribution. We find that poorer households in fact experience a decline in living standards by having a migrant.

Item Type: Reports and working papers (Working Paper)
Additional Information: Working Paper 41
Keywords: Migration, Remittances, Counterfactual analysis, Heckman model, Consumption, Welfare
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Economics
Research Centres and Groups: Sussex Centre for Migration Research
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Stacey Goldup
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2016 11:35
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 12:36
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/64688

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