The impact of variable selection on the modelling of oestrogenicity

Ghafourian, Taravat and Cronin, Mark T D (2005) The impact of variable selection on the modelling of oestrogenicity. SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research, 16 (1-2). pp. 171-190. ISSN 1062-936X

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Abstract

Many oestrogenic chemicals exert their activity via specific interactions with the oestrogen receptor (ER). The objective of the present study was to identify significant descriptors associated with the ER binding affinities of a large and diverse set of compounds to drive quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs). To this end, a variety of statistical methods were employed for variable selection. These included stepwise regression and partial least squares (PLS) analyses, as well as a non-linear recursive partitioning method (Formal Inference-based Recursive Modelling). A total of 157 molecular descriptors including quantum mechanical, graph theoretical, indicator variables and log P were used in the study. Furthermore, cluster analysis of variables was performed to identify groups of descriptors representing similar molecular features. Hierarchical PLS analyses were performed, where the scores of the significant components of either PLS or principle component analysis (PCA), performed separately on each cluster, were used as the variables for the top model. This reduced the number of the variables representing the larger clusters, leading to a similar number of descriptors for each distinct molecular feature. The results showed that the most important molecular properties for stronger ER binding affinity are molecular size and shape, the presence of a phenol moiety as well as other aromatic groups, hydrophobicity and presence of double bonds. The best PLS model obtained, in terms of predictive ability, was a hierarchical PLS model. However, a rigorous validation study showed that the MLR model using descriptors selected by stepwise regression has greater predictive power than the PLS models. © 2005 Taylor & Francis Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: estrogen; estrogen receptor, biological model; chemical structure; cluster analysis; comparative study; conference paper; metabolism; pollutant; principal component analysis; quantitative structure activity relation; regression analysis; reproducibility, Cluster Analysis; Environmental Pollutants; Estrogens; Least-Squares Analysis; Models, Biological; Molecular Structure; Principal Component Analysis; Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship; Receptors, Estrogen; Reproducibility of Results
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Taravat Ghafourian
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2017 09:52
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2017 09:52
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/64155

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