Prevalence and clustering of unhealthy behaviours in young people: an analysis of health and wellbeing surveys in Southeast England

Heseltine, Thomas, Gilchrist, Kate and Memon, Anjum (2016) Prevalence and clustering of unhealthy behaviours in young people: an analysis of health and wellbeing surveys in Southeast England. In: Public Health England Annual Conference 2016, 13-14 September 2016, Warwick University, UK.

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Abstract

Background: Most chronic diseases are strongly associated with four modifiable behaviours: smoking, alcohol consumption, low fruit and vegetable consumption and physical inactivity. When established early in life, these lifestyle factors could persist in adulthood and predict the incidence of chronic diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of these behaviours and association between sociodemographic/personal characteristics and clustering of multiple unhealthy behaviours in young people.

Methods: Data from the Brighton and Hove Safe and Well at School Surveys (2010-2014) were analysed to examine the prevalence and clustering of these behaviours in Year 10 and 11 pupils (n=10,099; aged 14-16 year).

Results: Of the 10,099 pupils aged 14-16 years, the vast majority (97%) were engaged in either one or more unhealthy behaviours: about 58% were engaged in 1-2 and 39% were engaged in 3-4 unhealthy behaviours, respectively. Multiple regression analysis showed that a number of factors were significantly associated with the clustering of 3-4 unhealthy behaviours in young people. These included: being in Year 10 (OR=2.0, 95% CI, 1.8-2.2), family problems (1.8, 1.6-2.0), being female (1.7, 1.5-1.9), not enjoying school (1.6, 1.4-1.8), and rarely/never feeling happy (1.3, 1.0-1.6).

Conclusions: These findings highlight the need for modifications in community-based and in-school health and wellbeing programmes to increase awareness about health impacts of smoking and alcohol consumption and beneficial effects of healthy diet and exercise to decrease the prevalence and clustering of unhealthy behaviours in young people.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Keywords: adolescent health and wellbeing; clustering of multiple health-risk behaviours; life-style factors
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0440 Study and teaching. Research
Depositing User: Phoenix Marshall
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2016 13:10
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2017 13:27
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/63376

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