Local politics, conflict and development in Peruvian mining regions

Arellano-Yanguas, Javier (2011) Local politics, conflict and development in Peruvian mining regions. Doctoral thesis (DPhil), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This thesis examines the effects of a collection of policies that determine the
mandatory distribution of mining, gas and oil revenues between national and subnational
governments, and the greater involvement of mining companies in local
development. I have labelled this set of policies, which aims to reduce social
conflict and promote local development, the New Extractive Industry Strategy
(NEIS).

Chapter 1 describes the implementation of these policies in Peru and highlights
their significance to the mining industry worldwide. Chapter 2 describes the
methodology of the thesis and introduces the three field research regions. Chapter
3 outlines the national socio-political context for the implementation of the NEIS.

Chapters 4–6 deal with the effects of the NEIS on social conflict. I argue that the
implementation of the NEIS has not only failed to reduce conflict but has actually
exacerbated it. After reviewing the debates linking extraction and conflict (Chapter
4), Chapter 5 demonstrates that conflict is strongly associated with the volume of
mining revenue received by sub-national governments.

Chapter 6 presents a typology of conflicts that helps to explain the correlation
between mining revenue and unrest. In addition to well-known conflicts that are
related to the adverse impact of mining on livelihoods and the environment, the
study identifies two other types. In the first, peasant communities employ social
conflict to increase their bargaining power with the mining companies for material
compensation. In the second, the large volume of mining revenue generates
disputes over access to or use of these financial transfers.

Chapters 7–8 show that the NEIS has not delivered its development promises.
Chapter 7 illustrates how regional and municipal governments in receipt of high per
capita volumes of mining revenue transfers did not improve their economic and
welfare indicators any more than the rest of the country. Chapter 8 proposes that a
combination of obstructive political factors trapped regional and municipal
authorities and local populations in a myopic political game that prioritised quick
short-term spending over any long-term benefits to be gained from better planned
expenditure. Finally, Chapter 9 draws some conclusions and makes some
suggestions.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: Institute of Development Studies
Subjects: F History United States, Canada, Latin America > F2201 South America > F3401 Peru
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labour
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2011 15:31
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2015 14:32
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/6315

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