Citizen-peasants: modernity, international relations and the problem of difference in Tanzania

A'Zami, Darius Alexander (2016) Citizen-peasants: modernity, international relations and the problem of difference in Tanzania. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

A running difficulty in African Studies (and beyond) is the need to reconcile
modernity with difference, arising in attempts to account for the impact of colonialism
as well as unequal international relations without lapsing into erasure of the manifold
realities of African difference. Identifying the peasant vis-à-vis modernity as a salient
instance of the problem, this thesis proffers a historical sociology of post-colonial
Tanzania, where Julius Nyerere insisted that ‘If Marx were born in Tanzania he would
have written the Arusha Declaration’. In saying so he was, in effect, pointing to the
need, both programmatic and intellectual, to reconcile modernity and peasant-difference.

Drawing upon international relations and the framework of uneven & combined
development in particular, modernity is theorised as a process of fission whilst the
peasant is cast as a protean subject thereof; the promised reconciliation can be
achieved by rendering each as interactive. Building on this framework the main body
of the thesis proceeds, encountering and engaging with the peasant-modernity
problem along the way, to show the historical process by which a ‘citizen-peasant’
social form emerged as combined development; an intellectual manoeuvre, moreover,
that serves to conclude the reconciliation of ‘Marx’ with ‘Arusha’.

Chapters 1 and 2 establish the terrain and Chapter 3 supplies the methodological
framework. Thereafter Chapter 4 sets out an account of the unevenness confronting
Tanzania in the 1960s, linking that to its international relations in general and with
China in particular to establish a pattern of interaction that Chapter 5 builds upon,
revealing the Arusha Declaration as the starting point of a historical process from
which the citizen-peasant arose, which is the key to the thesis as a whole. Chapter 6
completes the argument, pointing to the entrenchment of that form beyond its origins
in the era of Nyerere’s ‘African Socialism’ taking the account up to the conclusion of
the 20th century. Chapter 7 concludes, reflecting on the implications of the argument
for the contemporary conjuncture.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Relations
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DT History of Africa > DT0365 Eastern Africa > DT0436 Tanzania
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology > GN301 Ethnology. Social and cultural anthropology > GN537 Ethnic groups and races > GN550 By region or country
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2016 06:01
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2018 07:07
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/62143

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