Different dimensions of cognitive style in typical and atypical cognition: new evidence and a new measurement tool

Mealor, Andy D, Simner, Julia, Rothen, Nicolas, Carmichael, Duncan A and Ward, Jamie (2016) Different dimensions of cognitive style in typical and atypical cognition: new evidence and a new measurement tool. PLoS ONE, 11 (5). e0155483. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

We developed the Sussex Cognitive Styles Questionnaire (SCSQ) to investigate visual and
verbal processing preferences and incorporate global/local processing orientations and
systemising into a single, comprehensive measure. In Study 1 (
N
= 1542), factor analysis
revealed six reliable subscales to the final 60 item questionnaire:
Imagery Ability
(relating to
the use of visual mental imagery in everyday life);
Technical/Spatial
(relating to spatial men-
tal imagery, and numerical and technical cognition);
Language & Word Forms
;
Need for
Organisation
;
Global Bias
; and
Systemising Tendency
. Thus, we replicate previous findings
that visual and verbal styles are separable, and that types of imagery can be subdivided.
We extend previous research by showing that spatial imagery clusters with other abstract
cognitive skills, and demonstrate that global/local bias can be separated from systemising.
Study 2 validated the
Technical/Spatial
and
Language & Word Forms
factors by showing
that they affect performance on memory tasks. In Study 3, we validated
Imagery Ability
,
Technical/Spatial
,
Language & Word Forms
,
Global Bias
, and
Systemising Tendency
by
issuing the SCSQ to a sample of synaesthetes (
N
= 121) who report atypical cognitive pro-
files on these subscales. Thus, the SCSQ consolidates research from traditionally disparate
areas of cognitive science into a comprehensive cognitive style measure, which can be
used in the general population, and special populations.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0176 Psychological tests and testing
Depositing User: Jamie Ward
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2016 11:47
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 06:36
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/61863

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Enhanced Memory Ability: Insights from SynaesthesiaG1116ESRC-ECONOMIC & SOCIAL RESEARCH COUNCILES/K006215/1