An enhanced gas ionization sensor from Y-doped vertically aligned conductive ZnO nanorods

Lee, Wei Cheat, Fang, Yuanxing, Turner, John F C, Bedi, Jasbir S, Perry, Christopher C, He, Heyong, Qian, Rong and Chen, Qiao (2016) An enhanced gas ionization sensor from Y-doped vertically aligned conductive ZnO nanorods. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 237. pp. 724-732. ISSN 0925-4005

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Abstract

A stable and highly sensitive gas ionization sensor (GIS) constructed from vertically aligned, conductive yttrium–doped ZnO nanorod (YZO NR) arrays is demonstrated. The conductive YZO NRs are synthesized using a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. At higher Y/Zn molar ratio, the aspect ratio of the YZO NRs is increased from 11 to 25. Doping with yttrium atoms decreases the electrical resistivity of ZnO NRs more than 100 fold. GIS measurements reveal a 6-fold enhancement in the sensitivity accompanied with a significant reduction in breakdown voltage from the highly conductive YZO NRs. Direct correlations between the resistivity of the NRs and GIS characteristics are established.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Gas ionization sensor; Conductive ZnO nanorod; Hydrothermal synthesis
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC0170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter Including molecular physics, relativity, quantum theory, and solid state physics
Depositing User: Qiao Chen
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2016 09:22
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2017 19:38
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/61709

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