A people-centred perspective on climate change, environmental stress, and livelihood resilience in Bangladesh

Ayeb-Karlsson, Sonja, van der Geest, Kees, Ahmed, Istiakh, Huq, Saleemul and Warner, Koko (2016) A people-centred perspective on climate change, environmental stress, and livelihood resilience in Bangladesh. Sustainability Science, 11 (4). pp. 679-694. ISSN 1862-4065

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Abstract

The Ganges–Brahmaputra delta enables Bangladesh to sustain a dense population, but it also exposes people to natural hazards. This article presents findings from the Gibika project, which researches livelihood resilience in seven study sites across Bangladesh. This study aims to understand how people in the study sites build resilience against environmental stresses, such as cyclones, floods, riverbank erosion, and drought, and in what ways their strategies sometimes fail. The article applies a new methodology for studying people’s decision making in risk-prone environments: the personal Livelihood History interviews (N = 28). The findings show how environmental stress, shocks, and disturbances affect people’s livelihood resilience and why adaptation measures can be unsuccessful. Floods, riverbank erosion, and droughts cause damage to agricultural lands, crops, houses, and properties. People manage to adapt by modifying their agricultural practices, switching to alternative livelihoods, or using migration as an adaptive strategy. In the coastal study sites, cyclones are a severe hazard. The study reveals that when a cyclone approaches, people sometimes choose not to evacuate: they put their lives at risk to protect their livelihoods and properties. Future policy and adaptation planning must use lessons learned from people currently facing environmental stress and shocks.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Livelihood resilience, Climate change, Adaptation, Natural disasters, People-centred research
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Development
Institute of Development Studies
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Sonja Ayeb-Karlsson
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2016 10:03
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 19:39
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/61633

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