The perseverative worry bout: a review of cognitive, affective and motivational factors that contribute to worry perseveration

Davey, Graham C L and Meeten, F (2016) The perseverative worry bout: a review of cognitive, affective and motivational factors that contribute to worry perseveration. Biological Psychology, 121. pp. 233-243. ISSN 0301-0511

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Abstract

This paper reviews the cognitive, affective and attentional factors that contribute to individual perseverative worry bouts. We describe how automatic biases in attentional and interpretational processes contribute to threat detection and to the inclusion of negative intrusive thoughts into the worry stream typical of the “what if …?” thinking style of pathological worriers. The review also describes processes occurring downstream from these perceptual biases that also facilitate perseveration, including cognitive biases in beliefs about the nature of the worry process, the automatic deployment of strict goal-directed responses for dealing with the threat, the role of negative mood in facilitating effortful forms of information processing (i.e. systematic information processing styles), and in providing negative information for evaluating the success of the worry bout. We also consider the clinical implications of this model for an integrated intervention programme for pathological worrying.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Worry, Anxiety, Attentional biases, Interpretational biases, Goal-directed rules, Negative mood, Systematic information processing
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 15:35
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2017 14:07
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/61371

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