Effectiveness of group body psychotherapy for negative symptoms of schizophrenia: multicentre randomised controlled trial

Priebe, S, Savill, M, Wykes, T, Bentall, R P, Reininghaus, U, Lauber, C, Bremner, S, Eldridge, S and Röhricht, F (2016) Effectiveness of group body psychotherapy for negative symptoms of schizophrenia: multicentre randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry. ISSN 0007-1250

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Abstract

Background
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia have a severe impact
on functional outcomes and treatment options are limited.
Arts therapies are currently recommended but more
evidence is required.

Aims
To assess body psychotherapy as a treatment for negative
symptoms compared with an active control (trial registration:ISRCTN84216587).

Method
Schizophrenia out-patients were randomised into a
20-session body psychotherapy or Pilates group. The primary
outcome was negative symptoms at end of treatment.
Secondary outcomes included psychopathology, functional,
social and treatment satisfaction outcomes at treatment end
and 6-months later.

Results
In total, 275 participants were randomised. The adjusted
difference in negative symptoms was 0.03 (95% CI –1.11 to
1.17), indicating no benefit from body psychotherapy. Small
improvements in expressive deficits and movement disorder
symptoms were detected in favour of body psychotherapy.
No other outcomes were significantly different.

Conclusions
Body psychotherapy does not have a clinically relevant
beneficial effect in the treatment of patients with negative
symptoms of schizophrenia

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R852 Research. Experimentation > R853.C55 Clinical trials
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry > RC0438 Psychiatry
Depositing User: Stephen Bremner
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 10:58
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2017 09:57
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/61364

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