From mindless masses to small groups: Conceptualizing collective behavior in crowd modeling.

Templeton, Anne, Drury, John and Philippides, Andrew (2015) From mindless masses to small groups: Conceptualizing collective behavior in crowd modeling. Review of General Psychology, 19 (3). pp. 215-229. ISSN 1089-2680

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Abstract

Computer simulations are increasingly used to monitor and predict behavior at large crowd events, such as mass gatherings, festivals and evacuations. We critically examine the crowd modeling literature and call for future simulations of crowd behavior to be based more closely on findings from current social psychological research. A systematic review was conducted on the crowd modeling literature (N = 140 articles) to identify the assumptions about crowd behavior that modelers use in their simulations. Articles were coded according to the way in which crowd structure was modeled. It was found that 2 broad types are used: mass approaches and small group approaches. However, neither the mass nor the small group approaches can accurately simulate the large collective behavior that has been found in extensive empirical research on crowd events. We argue that to model crowd behavior realistically, simulations must use methods which allow crowd members to identify with each other, as suggested by self-categorization theory.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: Q Science > QZ Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Nikoleta Kiapidou
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2016 10:29
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2017 23:57
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/60560

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
DTA - University of Sussex 2013 (EPSRC)G1142EPSRC-ENGINEERING & PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH COUNCILEP/L505109/1