Sperm mixing in the polyandrous leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex echinatior

Stürup, Marlene, Nash, David R, Hughes, William O H and Boomsma, Jacobus J (2014) Sperm mixing in the polyandrous leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex echinatior. Ecology and Evolution, 4 (18). pp. 3571-3582. ISSN 2045-7758

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Abstract

The insemination of queens by sperm from multiple males (polyandry) has evolved in a number of eusocial insect lineages despite the likely costs of the behavior. The selective advantages in terms of colony fitness must therefore also be significant and there is now good evidence that polyandry increases genetic variation among workers, thereby improving the efficiency of division of labor, resistance against disease, and diluting the impact of genetically incompatible matings. However, these advantages will only be maximized if the sperm of initially discrete ejaculates are mixed when stored in queen spermathecae and used for egg fertilization in a “fair raffle.” Remarkably, however, very few studies have addressed the level of sperm mixing in social insects. Here we analyzed sperm use over time in the highly polyandrous leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex echinatior. We genotyped cohorts of workers produced either 2 months apart or up to over a year apart, and batches of eggs laid up to over 2 years apart, and tested whether fluctuations in patriline distributions deviated from random. We show that the representation of father males in both egg and worker cohorts does not change over time, consistent with obligatorily polyandrous queens maximizing their fitness when workers are as genetically diverse as possible.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Depositing User: William Hughes
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 05:52
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/60194

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