Unbounded-time analysis of guarded LTI systems with inputs by abstract acceleration

Cattaruzza, Dario, Abate, Alessandro, Schrammel, Peter and Kroening, Daniel (2015) Unbounded-time analysis of guarded LTI systems with inputs by abstract acceleration. In: Blazy, Sandrine and Jensen, Thomas (eds.) Static analysis : 22nd International Symposium, SAS 2015, Saint-Malo, France, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings. Lecture notes in computer science (9291). Springer, pp. 312-331.

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Abstract

Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems are ubiquitous in software systems and control applications. Unbounded-time reachability analysis that can cope with industrial-scale models with thousands of variables is needed. To tackle this general problem, we use abstract acceleration, a method for unbounded-time polyhedral reachability analysis for linear systems. Existing variants of the method are restricted to closed systems, i.e., dynamical models without inputs or non-determinism. In this paper, we present an extension of abstract acceleration to linear loops with inputs, which correspond to discrete-time LTI control systems, and further study the interaction with guard conditions. The new method relies on a relaxation of the solution of the linear dynamical equation that leads to a precise over-approximation of the set of reachable states, which are evaluated using support functions. In order to increase scalability, we use floating-point computations and ensure soundness by interval arithmetic. Our experiments show that performance increases by several orders of magnitude over alternative approaches in the literature. In turn, this tremendous speedup allows us to improve on precision by computing more expensive abstractions. We outperform state-of-the-art tools for unbounded-time analysis of LTI system with inputs in speed as well as in precision.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords: static analysis, linear systems, abstract acceleration, abstract interpretation, safety analysis
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA0075 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA0076 Computer software
Depositing User: Peter Schrammel
Date Deposited: 09 May 2016 06:19
Last Modified: 09 May 2016 06:19
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/59919

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