Measuring elimination of podoconiosis, endemicity classifications, case definition and targets: an international Delphi exercise

Deribe, Kebede, Wanji, Samuel, Shafi, Oumer, Muheki Tukahebwa, Edridah, Umulisa, Irenee and Davey, Gail (2015) Measuring elimination of podoconiosis, endemicity classifications, case definition and targets: an international Delphi exercise. International Health, 7 (5). pp. 306-316. ISSN 1876-3405

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Podoconiosis is one of the major causes of lymphoedema in the tropics. Nonetheless, currently there are no endemicity classifications or elimination targets to monitor the effects of interventions. This study aimed at establishing case definitions and indicators that can be used to assess endemicity, elimination and clinical outcomes of podoconiosis.

METHODS

This paper describes the result of a Delphi technique used among 28 experts. A questionnaire outlining possible case definitions, endemicity classifications, elimination targets and clinical outcomes was developed. The questionnaire was distributed to experts working on podoconiosis and other neglected tropical diseases in two rounds. The experts rated the importance of case definitions, endemic classifications, elimination targets and the clinical outcome measures. Median and mode were used to describe the central tendency of expert responses. The coefficient of variation was used to describe the dispersals of expert responses.

RESULTS

Consensus on definitions and indicators for assessing endemicity, elimination and clinical outcomes of podoconiosis directed at policy makers and health workers was achieved following the two rounds of Delphi approach among the experts.

CONCLUSIONS

Based on the two Delphi rounds we discuss potential indicators and endemicity classification of this disabling disease, and the ongoing challenges to its elimination in countries with the highest prevalence. Consensus will help to increase effectiveness of podoconiosis elimination efforts and ensure comparability of outcome data.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Global Health and Infection
Depositing User: Gharib Murbe
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2016 15:32
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2017 16:33
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/59318
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