Formulation optimization and in vitro skin penetration of spironolactone loaded solid lipid nanoparticles

Kelidari, H R, Saeedi, M, Akbari, J, Morteza-Semnani, K, Gill, P, Valizadeh, H and Nokhodchi, Ali (2015) Formulation optimization and in vitro skin penetration of spironolactone loaded solid lipid nanoparticles. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 128. pp. 473-479. ISSN 0927-7765

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Abstract

The aim of the current investigation was to prepare and evaluate the potential use of solid lipid nanoparticles for the dermal delivery of spironolactone (SP). The spironolactone loaded SLN (SP-SLN) was prepared by emulsion-solvent evaporation method followed by ultrasonication. The properties of obtained SLNs were characterized by photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and differential scanning calorimetry. FT-IR was also used to investigate any interaction between SP and excipients in the molecular level during the preparation of SLNs. The performance of the formulations was investigated in terms of drug release, skin permeation and also the retention of drug by the skin. The SP-SLNs presented spherical shape with the mean diameter, zeta potential and entrapment efficiency of 88.9 nm, −23.9 mV and 59.86%, respectively. DSC study showed that SP alone encapsulated in SLNs was in the amorphous form. FT-IR analysis revealed that there were hydrogen bond interactions between the SP alone and SLN components. The dissolution results revealed that the drug release from SP-SLNs was at least 4.9 times faster than original SP within the first 30 min. The cumulative amount of SP penetrated through rat skin from SP-SLNs was almost twofold that of the SP alone in 24 h after the administration. In vitro permeation studies indicated that SP-SLN may be a promising vector for use in the topical treatment. It can be concluded that SLNs provide good skin permeation for SP and may be a promising carrier for topical delivery of spironolactone offering the biphasic release pattern that might be interesting for topical application resulting in an effective treatment for skin disorders such as acne.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Depositing User: Ali Nokhodchi
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2016 13:28
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2016 13:28
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/59281
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