Microwave imaging for security applications

Almazroui, Sultan (2015) Microwave imaging for security applications. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

Microwave imaging technologies have been widely researched in the biomedical field where they rely on the imaging of dielectric properties of tissues. Healthy and malignant tissue have different dielectric properties in the microwave frequency region, therefore, the dielectric properties of a human body’s tissues are generally different from other contraband materials. Consequently, dielectric data analysis techniques using microwave signals can be used to distinguish between different types of materials that could be hidden in the human body, such as explosives or drugs. Other concerns raised about these particular imaging systems were how to build them cost effectively, with less radiation emissions, and to overcome the disadvantages of X-ray imaging systems. The key challenge in security applications using microwave imaging is the image reconstruction methods adopted in order to gain a clear image of illuminated objects inside the human body or underneath clothing.

This thesis will discuss in detail how microwave tomography scanning could overcome the challenge of imaging objects concealed in the human body, and prove the concept of imaging inside a human body using image reconstruction algorithms such as Radon transformation image reconstruction.

Also, this thesis presents subspace based TR-MUSIC algorithms for point targets and extended targets. The algorithm is based on the collection of the dominant response matrix reflected by targets at the transducers in homogenous backgrounds, and uses the MUSIC function to image it. Lumerical FDTD solution is used to model the transducers and the objects to process its response matrix data in Matlab. Clear images of metal dielectric properties have been clearly detected. Security management understanding in airports is also discussed to use new scanning technologies such as microwave imaging in the future.The main contribution of this reseach is that microwave was proved to be able to image and detect illegal objects embedded or implanted inside human body.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0071 Examination. Diagnosis Including radiography > RC0078 Radiography. General works > RC0078.7.M53 Microwave imaging
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2015 06:54
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2015 06:54
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/58499

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