Where the right gets in: on Rawls’s criticism of Habermas's conception of legitimacy

Finlayson, James Gordon (2016) Where the right gets in: on Rawls’s criticism of Habermas's conception of legitimacy. Kantian Review, 21 (2). pp. 161-183. ISSN 1369-4154

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Abstract

Many commentators have failed to identify the important issues at the heart of the debate between Habermas and Rawls. This is partly because they give undue attention to differences between their respective devices of representation, the original position and principle (U), neither of which are germane to the actual dispute. The dispute is at bottom about how best to conceive of democratic legitimacy. Rawls indicates where the dividing issues lie when he objects that Habermas’s account of democratic legitimacy is comprehensive and his is confined to the political. But his argument is vitiated by a threefold ambiguity in what he means by “comprehensive doctrine.” Tidying up this ambiguity helps reveal that the dispute turns on the way in which morality relates to political legitimacy. Although Habermas calls his conception of legitimate law “morally freestanding”, and as such distinguishes it from Kantian and Natural Law accounts of legitimacy, it is not as freestanding from morality as he likes to present it. Habermas’s mature theory contains conflicting claims about relation between morality and democratic legitimacy. So there is at least one important sense in which Rawls's charge of comprehensiveness is made to stick againstHabermas’s conception of democratic legitimacy, and remains unanswered.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Habermas, Rawls, democratic legitimacy, comprehensive doctrine, morality
Schools and Departments: School of History, Art History and Philosophy > Philosophy
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General) > B3258.H32 Habermas, Jürgen
Depositing User: Fiona Allan
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2015 14:44
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 11:11
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/58489

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