Confronting energy poverty behind the bamboo curtain: a review of challenges and solutions for Myanmar (Burma)

Sovacool, Benjamin K (2013) Confronting energy poverty behind the bamboo curtain: a review of challenges and solutions for Myanmar (Burma). Energy for Sustainable Development, 17 (4). pp. 305-314. ISSN 0973-0826

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Abstract

In Myanmar (Burma), only 13% of the country's population has access to electricity, and almost 95% depends on solid fuels such as wood and rice husks for cooking and heating. This review discusses four sets of energy poverty and access challenges in Myanmar related to poverty and subsistence needs, conflicting priorities, lack of resources, and policy fragmentation. Planners in Myanmar, however, can utilize a variety of mechanisms to overcome these challenges. They can offer financing and micro-financing for woodlots, nurseries, and renewable energy equipment. They can create community mobilization funds to promote women's empowerment and offer skills training. They can implement education and awareness campaigns for households and private sector entrepreneurs, and decentralize energy access programs to communities themselves. The government can promote public private partnerships for larger, grid-connected wind farms, large-scale hydroelectric dams, geothermal power plants, biomass power plants, waste-to-energy facilities, and liquid biofuel manufacturing facilities. Planners can harmonize regulatory authority for energy access to a single agency, establish national technology standards to ensure technical quality, and construct maintenance and training centers to ensure communities care for energy equipment.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Benjamin Sovacool
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2016 08:12
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2016 10:24
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/58369
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