Environmental issues, climate change and energy security in developing Asia

Sovacool, Benjamin K (2014) Environmental issues, climate change and energy security in developing Asia. Working Paper. Asian Development Bank.

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Abstract

This paper examines four environmental dimensions of energy security—climate change, air pollution, water availability and quality, and land-use change—and the environmental impact of various energy systems. Four environmental dimensions of energy security—climate change, air pollution, water availability and quality, and land-use change—and the environmental impact of 13 energy systems on each are discussed in this paper. Climate change threatens more land, people, and economies in Asia and small Pacific island states than any other part of the planet.

Air pollution takes a substantial toll on national health-care expenditures and economies in general. Of the 18 megacities worldwide with severe levels of total suspended particulate matter emissions, 10 are in Asia. Regarding water availability and quality, hydropower, nuclear power, and thermal power account for 10% to 15% of global water consumption, and the volume of water evaporated from reservoirs exceeds the combined freshwater needs of industry and domestic consumption. In the domain of climate change, rising sea levels could contaminate freshwater aquifers possibly reducing potable water supplies by 45%. Changes in land use for fuelwood collection and biofuel production in Southeast Asia have resulted in deforestation at 5 times the global average and 10 times the average for the rest of Asia. Policy makers must begin to incorporate the cost of these negative consequences into energy prices.

Item Type: Reports and working papers (Working Paper)
Additional Information: ISSN: 1655-5252 (print)
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Benjamin Sovacool
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 05 May 2016 13:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/58336
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