Self-management support for moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a pilot randomised controlled trial

Taylor, Stephanie J C, Sohanpal, Ratna, Bremner, Stephen A, Devine, Angela, McDaid, David, Fernández, José-Luis, Griffiths, Chris J and Eldridge, Sandra (2012) Self-management support for moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a pilot randomised controlled trial. British Journal of General Practice, 62 (603). pp. 687-695. ISSN 0960-1643

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Abstract

Background: Better self management could improve quality of life (QoL) and reduce hospital admissions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the best way to promote it remains unclear. Aim: To explore the feasibility, effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a novel, layperson-led, theoretically driven COPD self-management support programme. Design and setting: Pilot randomised controlled trial in one UK primary care trust area. Method: Patients with moderate to severe COPD were identified through primary care and randomised 2:1 to the 7-week-long, group intervention or usual care. Outcomes at baseline, 2, and 6 months included self-reported health, St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), EuroQol, and exercise. Results: Forty-four per cent responded to GP invitation, 116 were randomised: mean (standard deviation [SD]) age 69.5 (9.8) years, 46% male, 78% had unscheduled COPD care in the previous year. Forty per cent of intervention patients completed the course; 35% attended no sessions; and 78% participants completed the 6-month follow-up questionnaire. Results suggest that the intervention may increase both QoL (mean EQ-5D change 0.12 (95% confidence interval [CI] = –0.02 to 0.26) higher, intervention versus control) and exercise levels, but not SGRQ score. Economic analyses suggested that with thresholds of £20 000 per quality-adjusted life-year gained, the intervention is likely to be cost-effective. Conclusion: This intervention has good potential to meet the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence criteria for cost effectiveness, and further research is warranted. However, to make a substantial impact on COPD self-management, it will also be necessary to explore other ways to enable patients to access self-management education.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: pilot projects, pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive, randomised controlled trial, self-care, self-management, patient education as topic, primary health care
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Jane Hale
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2015 14:29
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2015 14:29
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/57385
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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Research for Patient Benefit programmeUnsetNational Institute for Health Research (NIHR)PB-PG-0906-11172