Conditioned reactions in motivation

Booth, David A (1980) Conditioned reactions in motivation. In: Toates, Frederick M and Halliday, Timothy R (eds.) Analysis of Motivational Processes. Academic Press, London, pp. 77-102. ISBN 9780126922608

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Abstract

A conditioned reaction is an acquired increase in the cue's tendency to elicit approach (or retreat) towards the cue (sign-tracking) or the consequence (goal-tracking) and the resulting maintenance of contact (or escape). Often, part of the same pattern of reactions to the conditioned cue is a complex of consummatory or defensive physiological reactions (e.g. cardiovascular and adrenal activation, or salivation, gastric relaxation and insulin secretion). Where the complex response can be professed verbally or there is reason to attribute such activity, the individual privately experiences aspects of the same reaction as pleasurable or distressing sensations and mood. In the simple analysis presented here, the behavioural, physiological and experiential reaction pattern is simply either appetite or aversion. The nature of the conditioning consequence (the unconditioned stimulus) determines the valence of the reaction to the conditioned stimulus. The exact form of the approach or retreat is also constrained by the momentary environmental circumstances and by the locale of the unconditioned stimulus.

Item Type: Book Section
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0180 Experimental psychology
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Depositing User: prof. David Booth
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:41
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:41
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/57099

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