Mesoscopic mean-field theory for spin-boson chains in quantum optical systems

Nevado, Pedro and Porras, Diego (2013) Mesoscopic mean-field theory for spin-boson chains in quantum optical systems. European Physical Journal - Special Topics, 217 (1). pp. 29-41. ISSN 1951-6355

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Abstract

We present a theoretical description of a system of many spins strongly coupled to a bosonic chain. We rely on the use of a spin-wave theory describing the Gaussian fluctuations around the mean-field solution, and focus on spin-boson chains arising as a generalization of the Dicke Hamiltonian. Our model is motivated by experimental setups such as trapped ions, or atoms/qubits coupled to cavity arrays. This situation corresponds to the cooperative (E⊗β) Jahn-Teller distortion studied in solid-state physics. However, the ability to tune the parameters of the model in quantum optical setups opens up a variety of novel intriguing situations. The main focus of this paper is to review the spin-wave theoretical description of this problem as well as to test the validity of mean-field theory. Our main result is that deviations from mean-field effects are determined by the interplay between magnetic order and mesoscopic cooperativity effects, being the latter strongly size-dependent.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC0170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter Including molecular physics, relativity, quantum theory, and solid state physics
Depositing User: Pedro Nevado Serrano
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 10:17
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 04:12
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/56958

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