On-orbit servicing commercial opportunities with security implications

Hacker, Jacob, Losekamm, Martin, Sardesai, Nikita, Johnson, Christopher, Bell, Robert, Rey, Daniel, Vigneron, Adam, Bettiol, Laura, Brack, Daniel, Braegen, Emma, Calder-Potts, George, Chatterjee, Joyeeta, Coderre, Kathleen, Côtè Bigras, Roxanne, Driedger, Matthew, Egen, Caitlin, Froeliger, Emilie, Gorur, Eren, Hankins, Weston, Hussein, Alaa, Jang, Ilji, Noyes, Matthew, Roberts, Lyle, Sarli, Bruno, Sinn, Thomas, Wen, Anne and Wille, Eric (2014) On-orbit servicing commercial opportunities with security implications. Project Report. Space Generation Advisory Council (SGAC), Toronto, Canada.

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Abstract

The On-Orbit Servicing (OOS) working group discussed legal and political implications of developing a commercial OOS industry. The group considered the benefits that OOS and Active Debris Removal (ADR) can offer the satellite industry, as well as potential disadvantages for international relations between space faring nations.

To gain an accurate perspective of stakeholders involved in such a process, the OOS working group held a mock hearing for OOS licensing, with members of the working group assigned to represent stakeholders. Working group members presented their cases at a simulated domestic regulatory panel, constructed of members representing various government ministers, to fully explore stakeholder views. The mock hearings explored the challenges faced by OOS and ADR entrepreneurs as well as the benefit of regulation. The groups highlighted recommendations to ensure the practicality of OOS and determine how best to encourage licensing and regulation of such activities, as summarised below.

1. The United Nations (UN) should provide regulatory guidelines for OOS and ADR.
2. Government agencies should license OOS. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has taken responsibility for licensing commercial space transportation in the United States and this should be extended to OOS/ADR missions to enable short-term advancement prior to further UN regulation.
3. Government should support OOS and ADR development to ensure continued demand. This includes leading by example on government satellites and potential launch levies to enable on-going ADR funding.
4. All stakeholders should prevent weaponisation of space through transparency of operations.
5. Nations should initiate international cooperation on ADR.

OOS and ADR will ensure sustainable use of satellites, particularly in LEO and GEO, for the coming decades. It is through transparency, economic stimulation and close monitoring that such endeavours will be successful.

Item Type: Reports and working papers (Project Report)
Keywords: On-Orbit Servicing (OOS), Space Debris, Active Debris Removal (ADR), Robotic Refuelling Mission
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and communications > HE9719 Artificial satellite telecommunications
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA0168 Systems engineering
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Depositing User: Alaa Hussein
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2015 08:54
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2015 08:54
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/56894

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