De novo donor HLA-specific antibodies predict development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after lung transplantation

Safavi, Shahideh, Robinson, Derek R, Soresi, Simona, Carby, Martin and Smith, John D (2014) De novo donor HLA-specific antibodies predict development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after lung transplantation. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 33 (12). pp. 1273-1281. ISSN 1053-2498

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Abstract

Background

Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is the major cause of late graft failure after lung transplantation. The objective was to determine whether de novo donor human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-specific antibodies (DSA) are associated with the development of BOS or patient survival. Data were analyzed from 188 lung transplant recipients with a follow-up period up to 8 years.

Methods

HLA antibody monitoring was performed at 3-month intervals post-transplant at routine outpatient clinic attendances and during the investigation of any acute deterioration. HLA antibody data were available for 148 patients; 66 (45%) had produced HLA antibodies after transplant, of which 38 (26%) were DSA and 28 (19%) non–donor-specific HLA antibodies.

Results

De novo DSA was associated with development of BOS Stage 1 (BOS1; hazard ratio [HR] = 2.302, p = 0.0015), BOS2 (HR = 3.627, p < 0.0001) and BOS3 (HR = 5.736, p < 0.0001). De novo persistent DSA correlated strongly with shorter time to onset of BOS3 (HR = 6.506, p = 0.0001). There was a significant reduction in patient survival associated with de novo DSA (HR = 1.886, p = 0.047). In multivariable analyses, de novo DSA was an independent predictor for development of all stages of BOS as well as an independent predictor of poor patient survival.

Conclusions

De novo DSA is a major risk factor for progression to BOS and shorter patient survival. Treatments to remove antibodies or limit antibody-mediated damage could be considered when DSA are first detected. However, a randomized, controlled trial of treatment options would enable a clearer understanding of the benefits, if any, of antibody-removal therapies.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD0049 Surgical therapeutics. Preoperative and postoperative care
Depositing User: Derek Robinson
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2015 14:17
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2015 11:38
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/56664

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