Learning what to remember: vocabulary knowledge and children’s memory for object names and features

Perry, Lynn K, Axelsson, Emma L and Horst, Jessica S (2015) Learning what to remember: vocabulary knowledge and children’s memory for object names and features. Infant and Child Development, 25 (4). pp. 247-258. ISSN 1522-7227

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Abstract

Although young children can map a novel name to a novel object, it remains unclear what they actually remember about objects when they initially make such a name-object association. In the current study we investigated 1) what children remembered after they were initially introduced to name-object associations and 2) how their vocabulary size and vocabulary structure influenced what they remembered. As a group, children had difficulty remembering each of the features of the original novel objects. Further analyses revealed that differences in vocabulary structure predicted children’s ability to remember object features. Specifically, children who produced many names for categories organized by similarity in shape (e.g., ball, cup) had the best memory for newly-learned objects’ features—especially their shapes. In addition, the more features children remembered, the more likely they were to retain the newly-learned name-object associations. Vocabulary size, however, was not predictive of children’s feature memory or retention. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that children’s existing vocabulary structure, rather than simply vocabulary size, influences what they attend to when encountering a new object and subsequently their ability to remember new name-object associations.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2015 10:38
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 01:10
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/56615

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