The normalisation of body gifting in Taiwan

Chang, Hung-Chieh (2016) The normalisation of body gifting in Taiwan. BioSocieties, 11 (2). pp. 135-151. ISSN 1745-8552

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Abstract

The Tzu Chi Foundation has made body gifting, such as body donation, bone marrow donation and cord blood donation, successful in Taiwan. Using Foucault’s theoretical framework of governmentality and normalisation, this article discusses how a Buddhist charity, the Tzu Chi Foundation, normalises body gifting in Taiwan through their campaigns, system and philosophy. It argues that Buddhist discourses of karma create a ‘benefit-all altruism’ in body gifting. Furthermore, the emergence of the Tzu Chi Foundation in the last five decades has been a process of discipline and norm construction. The Tzu Chi Foundation, with its comprehensive missions, builds up an extensive network to spread their philosophy in different fields, from environmental protection and humanity education to medical care. The practice-oriented and community-based volunteer system helps the ‘giving’ ideology take root in the communities in Taiwan. Finally, through the media
and the Internet, the effect goes beyond the institutional boundaries and reaches the public.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: body gifting; Foucault; normalisation; Tzu Chi; Taiwan
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > Anthropology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Depositing User: Hung-Chieh Chang
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2015 14:01
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2017 02:17
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/56113

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Bionetworking in Asia - A social science approach to international collaboration, informal exchanges, and responsible innovation in the life sciencesG0812EUROPEAN UNION283219
Bionetworking in Asia - International collaboration, exchange, and responsible innovation in the life sciencesG0750ESRC-ECONOMIC & SOCIAL RESEARCH COUNCILES/I018107/1