Planck 2013 results. XXIV. Constraints on primordial non-Gaussianity

Lewis, Antony (2014) Planck 2013 results. XXIV. Constraints on primordial non-Gaussianity. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 571. ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

The Planck nominal mission cosmic microwave background (CMB) maps yield unprecedented constraints on primordial non-Gaussianity (NG). Using three optimal bispectrum estimators, separable template-fitting (KSW), binned, and modal, we obtain consistent values for the primordial local, equilateral, and orthogonal bispectrum amplitudes, quoting as our final result fNLlocal = 2.7 ± 5.8, fNLequil = -42 ± 75, and fNLorth = -25 ± 39 (68% CL statistical). Non-Gaussianity is detected in the data; using skew-Cℓ statistics we find a nonzero bispectrum from residual point sources, and the integrated-Sachs-Wolfe-lensing bispectrum at a level expected in the ΛCDM scenario. The results are based on comprehensive cross-validation of these estimators on Gaussian and non-Gaussian simulations, are stable across component separation techniques, pass an extensive suite of tests, and are confirmed by skew-Cℓ, wavelet bispectrum and Minkowski functional estimators. Beyond estimates of individual shape amplitudes, we present model-independent, three-dimensional reconstructions of the Planck CMB bispectrum and thus derive constraints on early-Universe scenarios that generate primordial NG, including general single-field models of inflation, excited initial states (non-Bunch-Davies vacua), and directionally-dependent vector models. We provide an initial survey of scale-dependent feature and resonance models. These results bound both general single-field and multi-field model parameter ranges, such as the speed of sound, cs ≥ 0.02 (95% CL), in an effective field theory parametrization, and the curvaton decay fraction rD ≥ 0.15 (95% CL). The Planck data significantly limit the viable parameter space of the ekpyrotic/cyclic scenarios. The amplitude of the four-point function in the local model τNL< 2800 (95% CL). Taken together, these constraints represent the highest precision tests to date of physical mechanisms for the origin of cosmic structure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB0460 Astrophysics
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB0980 Cosmogony. Cosmology
Depositing User: Samuel Appleton
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2015 11:42
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2017 05:31
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/55847

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Astrophysics and Cosmology - Sussex Consolidated GrantG1291STFC-SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FACILITIES COUNCILST/L000652/1