Increased intraindividual reaction time variability in persons with neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus.

Haynes, Becky I, Bunce, David, Davies, Kevin A and Rusted, Jennifer M (2015) Increased intraindividual reaction time variability in persons with neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus. Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists, 30 (3). pp. 271-9. ISSN 1873-5843

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Abstract

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) can affect multiple organ systems, including the central (CNS) and/or peripheral nervous system. Individuals with nervous system involvement (termed Neuropsychiatric SLE or NPSLE) can present with nonspecific symptoms such as cognitive dysfunction. It is difficult to ascertain whether this is a direct consequence of lupus disease activity on the brain. Intraindividual variability, measured through trial-to-trial reaction time variation, has been proposed as a behavioral marker of CNS integrity. We compared 14 NPSLE, 20 non-NPSLE, and 27 age-matched healthy participants using multiple variability metrics. Variability was increased in NPSLE compared with non-NPSLE participants, and was increased throughout the distribution rather than there being a selective increase in extreme reaction times. Variability metrics were strongly intercorrelated providing convergent evidence that the different metrics are tapping similar processes. The results suggest that there is ongoing disruption to cognitive processing in NPSLE and may indicate small fluctuations in attention.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2015 08:30
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 06:41
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/55694

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