Parent-child relations, conduct problems and cigarette use in adolescence: Examining the role of genetic and environmental factors on patterns of behavior

Shelton, Katherine H, Harold, Gordon T, Fowler, Tom A, Rice, Frances J, Neale, Michael C, Thapar, Anita and Van Den Bree, Marianne B M (2008) Parent-child relations, conduct problems and cigarette use in adolescence: Examining the role of genetic and environmental factors on patterns of behavior. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37 (10). pp. 1216-1228. ISSN 0047-2891

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Abstract

This study investigated genetic and environmental influences on the associations between mother-child relationship quality (warmth and hostility) and adolescent conduct problems and cigarette use. Participants included 601 mothers and adolescent twin pairs (aged 12-17 years). Mothers and adolescents provided separate reports of mother-to-child warmth and hostility. A combined measure of mother and adolescent reported conduct problems was used while adolescents provided reports of their cigarette use. Analyses were conducted using bivariate genetic analyses of correlated factors models and regression analyses of monozygotic twin differences. Genetic influences were found for most ratings of the parent-child relationship, with evidence of gender and/or rater-specificity for some measures. The relationship between mother-child hostility with adolescent conduct problems and cigarette use was influenced by genetic and environmental effects. Evidence was found for shared environment effects on the relationship between mother-child warmth and conduct problems. Examining monozygotic twin differences provided further support for non-shared environmental influence on the relationship between mothers' expressions of hostility and low warmth and adolescent adjustment. Findings are discussed in relation to the interplay between genetic and environmental effects underlying links between parent-child relations and adolescent behavior problems. © 2007 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Carmel Stevenson
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2015 11:47
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2015 07:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/55590
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