Two faces of group-based shame: moral shame and image shame differentially predict positive and negative orientations to ingroup wrongdoing

Allpress, Jesse A, Brown, Rupert, Giner-Sorolla, Roger, Deonna, Julian A and Teroni, Fabrice (2014) Two faces of group-based shame: moral shame and image shame differentially predict positive and negative orientations to ingroup wrongdoing. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40 (10). pp. 1270-1284. ISSN 0146-1672

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Abstract

This article proposes distinctions between guilt and two forms of shame: Guilt arises from a violated norm and is characterized by a focus on specific behavior; shame can be characterized by a threatened social image (Image Shame) or a threatened moral essence (Moral Shame). Applying this analysis to group-based emotions, three correlational studies are reported, set in the context of atrocities committed by (British) ingroup members during the Iraq war (Ns = 147, 256, 399). Results showed that the two forms of shame could be distinguished. Moreover, once the other form of shame was controlled for, they were differentially related to orientations toward the outgroup: Image Shame was associated with negative orientations, whereas Moral Shame had associations with positive outgroup orientations. These associations were distinct from the associations of guilt and rejection. Study 3 used a longitudinal design and provided evidence suggestive of a causal direction from emotions to outgroup orientation.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2015 08:40
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2017 20:16
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/55386

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