The influence of test experience and NK1 receptor antagonists on the performance of NK1R-/- and wild type mice in the 5-Choice Serial Reaction-Time Task

Weir, R K, Dudley, J A, Yan, T C, Grabowska, E M, Pena-Oliver, Y, Ripley, Tamzin, Stephens, D N, Stanford, S C and Hunt, S P (2014) The influence of test experience and NK1 receptor antagonists on the performance of NK1R-/- and wild type mice in the 5-Choice Serial Reaction-Time Task. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 28 (3). pp. 270-281. ISSN 0269-8811

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Abstract

Genetically-altered mice, lacking functional NK1 receptors (NK1R-/-), express abnormal behaviours that are prominent in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: namely, inattentiveness and impulsivity (indicated by their greater % omissions and premature responses in the 5-Choice Serial Reaction-Time Task (5-CSRTT) and locomotor hyperactivity. We investigated how behaviour in the 5-CSRTT is affected by repeated testing and whether the abnormalities expressed by NK1R-/- mice are mimicked by treating wild type mice with a NK1R antagonist (L 733060 or RP 67580; 5 or 10 mg/kg). Repeated testing with a variable (VITI) or fixed, prolonged (LITI) intertrial interval reduced % omissions. Premature responses also declined, but only in NK1R-/- mice, in the VITI test. By contrast, perseveration increased in both genotypes. RP 67580 (10 mg/kg) increased the % omissions in both genotypes in the VITI, an action which cannot be attributed to NK1R antagonism. Neither drug affected perseveration. However, for premature responses, the response profile suggested that the low and high doses of RP 67580 (VITI) and L 733060 (LITI) had opposing effects on this behaviour. We infer that the effect of NK1R antagonists in the 5-CSRTT is confounded by animals’ test experience and non-specific drug effects at sites other than NK1R, possibly L-type Ca2+v channels.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2015 10:56
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2017 15:14
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/55248

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