Mitigating the anthropogenic spread of bee parasites to protect wild pollinators

Goulson, Dave and Hughes, William O H (2015) Mitigating the anthropogenic spread of bee parasites to protect wild pollinators. Biological Conservation, 191. pp. 10-19. ISSN 0006-3207

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Abstract

Bees naturally suffer from a broad range of parasites, including mites, protozoans, bacteria, fungi and viruses. Some appear to be host-specific, but most appear able to infect multiple bee species, and some are found in insects outside of the Hymenoptera. The host range, natural geographic range and virulence in different hosts are poorly understood for most bee parasites. It is of considerable concern that the anthropogenic movement of bees species for crop pollination purposes has led to the accidental introduction of bee parasites to countries and continents where they do not naturally occur, exposing native bees to parasites against which they may have little resistance. In at least one instance, that of the South American bumble bee Bombus dahlbomii, this has led to a catastrophic population collapse. The main bees that are moved by man are the western honeybee, Apis mellifera, and two species of bumble bee, the European Bombus terrestris and the North American B. impatiens. We propose a range of mitigation strategies that could greatly reduce the risk of further impacts of the commercial bee trade on global bee health, including stricter controls on international movement of bees and improved hygiene and parasite screening of colonies before and after shipping.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biology and Environmental Science
Subjects: Q Science
Q Science > QL Zoology
Depositing User: David Goulson
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 16:12
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 05:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/54582

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Development and verification of a standardised protocol for the detection of parasite infection levels in commercially-produced bumblebee coloniesG1187NERC-NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCILNE/L002760/1