Evidence of an environmental effect on survival in ALS

Keren, Noa, Scott, Kirsten M, Tsuda, Miho, Barnwell, Jessica, Knibb, Jonathan A, Ellis, Cathy M, Leigh, P Nigel, Shaw, Christopher E and Al-Chalabi, Ammar (2014) Evidence of an environmental effect on survival in ALS. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration, 15 (7-8). pp. 528-533. ISSN 2167-9223

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Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, motor neuron disease) is a neurodegenerative disorder of motor neurons leading to paralysis and eventual death by respiratory failure. Median survival is 2-3 years. Susceptibility genes, environmental triggers and disease related prognostic factors have been established, but environmental effects on survival are yet to be investigated. We analysed survival in the South-East England ALS register (SEALS register). Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to investigate survival in London, coastal and rural areas according to postcode at diagnosis. Results showed that there were 933 cases of ALS identified in the catchment area during the study period (1994-January 2012). Cox regression demonstrated a highly significant model for survival with significant protective variables: coastal residency, riluzole use and younger age at onset. Significantly worse survival was associated with London residency, older age as well as definite and probable El Escorial classifications. In conclusion, these findings suggest the possibility of an environmental effect on survival in ALS.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, motor neuron disease, population study, cluster, survival
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Neuroscience
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry > RC0346 Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system Including speech disorders
Depositing User: Patricia Butler
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2015 14:48
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2017 14:52
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/54192
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