Towards high fidelity entanglement with dressed state qubits

Lake, Kimberley (2015) Towards high fidelity entanglement with dressed state qubits. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This thesis describes the development of an entanglement experiment for ytterbium ions making use of a new entanglement method utilizing microwaves and a static magnetic field gradient.
This thesis will begin by modelling the populations of the main levels in ytterbium using rate equations to find the optimum parameters required for the preparation and
detection of qubit states. Coherent manipulation of these qubit states will be shown and coherence times of the states measured. Additionally a highly stable double resonance frequency locking setup for the ytterbium cooling lasers is built.
This thesis will go on to give an overview of the main entanglement schemes and will give a justification as to why microwaves combined with a magnetic field gradient is
the most suitable method. The magnetic field gradient creates an effective Lamb-Dicke parameter which allows microwave fields to couple to the motional states of magnetic field sensitive qubit states.
The use of magnetic field sensitive states can however make the qubit highly susceptible to decoherence from magnetic field fluctuations. A method to decrease this decoherence by two orders of magnitude using a microwave dressed state qubit will be demonstrated and optimised and a new coherent manipulation method of the dressed state qubit will be presented which allows for arbitrary Bloch sphere rotations.
The production of the highest recorded magnetic field gradient of 24Tm

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 27 May 2015 06:37
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2015 14:31
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/54132

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